samedi 18 novembre 2017

La Bagasse

La Bagasse

La bagasse est le résidu fibreux de la canne à sucre qu'on a passée par le moulin pour en extraire le suc. Elle est composée principalement par la cellulose de la plante.
Ce terme désigne également les tiges de la plante qui fournit l'indigo, quand on les retire de la cuve après la fermentation.

Mode de production

Production de sucre
Production de sucre de canne à Madère
Production de sucre de canne à Madère
L'industrie de la canne produit en grandes quantités la bagasse, résidu de l'extraction du jus de pipe pour la production de rhum ou de sucre. On estime que la production mondiale de bagasse est d'environ 250 millions de tonnes par an.

Utilisation de la bagasse

Production d'énergie

On considère qu'une tonne de canne produit environ 300 kg de bagasse qui a une valeur calorifique de 7 900 kJ/kg ce qui est certes inférieur à celle du bois sec (16 000 kJ/kg) dont le rythme de production est cependant plus lent.
La bagasse est une bioénergie utilisée dans les usines de production de rhum ou de sucre. La performance des installations permet à certaines usines de fonctionner en autonomie énergétique.
En comparaison avec les énergies fossiles brûlées dans les usines de production d'énergie, la bagasse présente plusieurs intérêts : elle est dépourvue de dioxyde de soufre, elle résulte d'une autre production, et sa combustion ne dégage que le CO2 fixé par la plante lors de sa croissance, quantité très réduite car le CO2 consommé par le métabolisme autotrophe de la canne à sucre est pour la majeure partie stocké dans le sucre.
Une exploitation rationnelle des 250 millions de tonnes de bagasse produites annuellement dans le monde pourrait économiser 50 millions de tonnes de pétrole soit environ 1,2 % de la consommation annuelle en 2003.
Cette utilisation concerne environ 60 % de la bagasse produite d'après la FAO1.

Alimentation du bétail

La bagasse peut être également utilisée pour l'alimentation du bétail. Cette utilisation ne semble pas intéressante dans le cas de jeunes bovins mais s'avère rentable pour les animaux de plus de deux ans1.

Construction et ameublement

La bagasse permet de fabriquer un matériau de construction appelé bagapan.

Emballage alimentaire

La bagasse est utilisée depuis quelques années pour les emballages alimentaires, assiettes, bols, gobelets, etc. En effet, cette utilisation de la bagasse est une bonne alternative au plastique et au polystyrène, car la bagasse n'est pas dangereuse pour la santé, et elle est biodégradable en 45 jours2. L'avantage également de la bagasse est sa résistance à des températures extrêmes, et elle peut donc être congelée ou servir de contenant pour bouillir les aliments. Ne contenant pas de métaux, un produit en bagasse est utilisable au four à micro-ondes. Les emballages alimentaires en bagasse sont compostables. L'utilisation d'un tel produit aurait un impact neutre sur la santé voire positif sur l'environnement3.

mercredi 15 novembre 2017

Rocket Stove mass heater

Rocket stove mass heater

1/10 the consumption rate for the same effective heating to your living space

Details on Rocket mass heaters    
   Rocket stoves are a type of fuel-efficient device, named in the 70s, but dating back millennia in concept.  A super-hot chimney above the fire draws the flames sideways and up, blending hot fuel and air into a quick, hot, clean-burning fire that takes little wood, leaves little residue, and has lots of uses.
  • Rocket heating stove heats up your home with 80% to 90% less wood, exhaust is nearly pure steam and CO2 (a little smoke at the beginning) 
  • the heat from one fire can last for days you can build one in a day or two
  • folks have built them spending less than $20
  • less CO2 than natural gas or electric heat
  • if you buy the wood, it costs less to operate than natural gas
  • Virtually no smoke or carbon monoxide byproducts, just carbon dioxide, and steam
  • Very little ash buildup with easy clean-out
  • Vertical wood inlet to a small firebox
  • Horizontal burn chamber
  • Insulated internal flue or riser
  • A drum or barrel over the riser for gases to cool and give off heat
  • An exhaust at the bottom that often extends through a cob bench to slowly store & release heat
   The average wood stove sends 80% or more of the heat created by the fire up the chimney flue and out, giving off only leftover radiant and convection heat transferred to the body of the stove and into the room.
   A Rocket stove, by contrast, is able to scavenge almost all of that previously wasted exhaust heat without the buildup of creosote or other deposits.
Rocket mass heater's plan

  A quick video| how a rocket mass heater works
Chimney through in mass
"The Rocket Mass Heater takes this useful, clean-burning heat, adds a self-wood burning box, and channels the exhaust through a masonry block to store a touchable warmth for hours or days. (Masonry heat storage is also seen in Roman hypocausts, Chinese 'Kang'stoves,  European masonry heaters, and ancient masonry dwellingand hearths)."
  •     This could be the cleanest and most sustainable way to heat a conventional home. Some people have reported that they heat their home with nothing more than the dead branches that fall off the trees in their yard. 
  • A regular wood stove will extract heat immediately. A rocket mass heater will direct the fire through an insulated space to make the fire burn much hotter before harvesting the heat. This burns the smoke and creosote. Then most of the heat is extracted and put into the room. Any remaining heat is pushed through a mass to be slowly released over the next couple of days.
  • Smoke is wasted fuel.  It's also poisonous.  Good mixing, high-temperature combustion, and the right balance of draft and drag create a clean-burning, efficient stove.  Efficient stoves use less wood, as well as promoting healthy air for everyone in the neighborhood.
  • The smoke coming from a chimney of a regular wood stove is typically 300 to 600 degrees and a large volume - and typically stinks up the neighborhood. The exhaust from a rocket mass heater is typically 70 to 120 degrees and a small volume - and is usually clear and without odor.
How much it cost to run?  "We've heard from a lot of people that they heat their home with the sticks that naturally fall off the trees in their yard, so, for them it costs nothing. We have one story of a guy that heated his home all year with junk mail. If you choose to buy wood and have it delivered, the cost is usually about $200 per cord (about a mounded pickup load). We have a lot of people that are heating their home with about a half cord of wood per year. But depending on how cold it is where you are, how insulated your home is, how big your home is ... maybe you will need as much as two cords per year."
Beautiful rocket mass heaters

For more information:


lundi 13 novembre 2017

Run your car on water controversy

Run your car on water controversy   

                      Free energy conspiracy theory   

   A water-fuelled car is an automobile that hypothetically derives directly its energy from water. They're claiming: "This water hybrid system essentially converts your
Learn secret to run your car on water
Run your car on water
vehicle to use water as a source of supplemental or even (theoretically) primary fuel". 
   But in fact, water is a fully oxidized hydrogen. Hydrogen itself is a high-energy, flammable substance, but its useful energy is released when water is formed. Water will not burn. "The engine derives fuel from hydrogen and oxygen, generated by the electrolysis of water." 
   The process of electrolysis can split water into hydrogen and oxygen, but it takes as much energy to take apart a water molecule as was released when the hydrogen was oxidized to form water. This system to work we will have to inject energy into it more than it would create and violate first or second thermodynamic law of physic on the water electrolysis. 
   They claim also:"Although petroleum-derived fuel and an external electrical generating system are not theoretically required, in most circumstances it is a practical necessity. The only byproduct resulting from the hydrogen and oxygen
Fuel cell
Stanley Meyer's water fuel cell
components of combustion within the engine is water vapour. Therefore, emissions are usually cleaner, emitting fewer polluting particles. In short, the Water‐hybrid system is a “cleaner” system; one that derives supplemental fuel from a free and inexhaustible resource; water"! 
   The thing is, if you put a lot of water in your engine, corrosion will rapidly form, corrode and destroy your engine.
   "The water‐hybrid system is not a perpetual motion machine. It is a high efficiency, water-fueled, electro‐
Scams, hackers
Hacker scam artist
mechanical system capable of producing hydrogen and oxygen in sufficient quantity to improve the overall fuel‐efficiency of internal combustion engines. Vehicles powered by the water‐hybrid system are inherently safer than hydrogen-powered vehicles which require hydrogen tanks. Instead of hydrogen tanks, the water hybrid system extracts combustible hydrogen as needed from the water, and this steady release of hydrogen is burned continuously, thereby preventing larger accumulations of hydrogen gas". 
  This is called, in fact, in my view, a new energy suppression conspiracy theory scam that technologically viable, pollution free, no-cost energy source are been suppressed by the government, corporations or advocacy groups. Generally unproven, low-cost energy sources. Wikipedia.
    "The water‐hybrid system is called a conversion system because it doesn’t require removal, modification, or disabling any of your vehicles’ existing systems. Therefore, it allows you to run your vehicle on either 100% gas systems or the
Fuel cell
 Allen Meyer (August 24, 1940 – March 20, 1998)
water‐hybrid system. In the unlikely event that your Water‐hybrid fails, you can easily switch back to solely using gasoline power." 
   This is called a fraud a lie. This engine relies on the use of two devices: one device containing water (non-useful) and a device using fuel, said to initiate the reaction. It's the fuel device that provides all the energy. Generally, the demonstration is very short, which makes it impossible to measure the real consumption of fuel or to note an apparently low consumption. Wikipedia.

   "But, you'll soon be getting your water-hybrid back into working order. Once you've driven by the water-hybrid system you'll never be happy with anything else! A vehicle powered by the water-hybrid system is theoretically capable of traveling from 50 to 300 miles on each gallon of supplemental water while improving overall fuel efficiency up to 45%. However, as it is true for any engine, actual efficiency depends on many factors such as: driving habits, terrain, vehicle weight and shape, and ability to tweak and optimize the system." 

   Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be scientific and factual in the absence of evidence gathered and constrained by appropriate scientific methods.[1][Note 1] Pseudoscience is often characterized by the following: contradictory, exaggerated or falsifiable claims; reliance on confirmation bias rather than rigorous attempts at refutation; lack of openness to evaluation by other experts; and absence of systematic practices when developing theories. The term pseudoscience is often considered pejorative[4] because it suggests something is being presented as science inaccurately or even deceptively. Those described as practicing or advocating pseudoscience often dispute the characterization. (source) Wikipedia.

   "Yes, the  Water‐hybrid system can provide fuel from water for just about any home appliance requiring natural gas or propane as a source of heat; thereby saving valuable and diminishing natural resources. Space heaters and furnaces are excellent candidates.  Stoves and other cooking units such as barbecue grills can also be fueled.
by the water‐hybrid system. Such applications require a separate power supply to convert your homes 120 volt AC power into the 12 volt DC power required by the water‐hybrid system. You can purchase an inexpensive power supply at any
Car hacks
electronics store such as Radio Shack, or have someone familiar with electronics, build one for you since the design is very simple. The cost of home electricity used by the water‐hybrid system is insignificant, probably less than $3 per month in most cases. The water‐hybrid system is relatively easy to assemble and very easy to install, especially compared with other conversion plans on the market. No special tools are required. The usual tool and equipment found in a typical home workshop will do the job. 
Right now, this specific water‐hybrid system is not being commercially manufactured, but there are various distributors around the country who offer DIY (Do it yourself) parts or fully assembled kits utilizing similar technologies and principles Planning is in the initial stages for producing Water‐hybrid conversion kits for most vehicles and eventually manufacturing the entire system, or at least its major components. 

   Scammers use the following psychological engine to motivate their victims:
  • Gain appetite with saving in perspective;
  • Principle of rarity (demonstration in small committee, idea of exclusivity);
  • Lack of basic scientific knowledge; 
  • Administrative guarantees by the presence of certificates, patents, bailiffs...;
  • Interest in conspiracy theory and feeling of exclusion from society;
  • False figure of fuel consumption; 

dimanche 12 novembre 2017

Make your own fuel

Free Power Secret: Make your own fuel 

Do It Yourself moonshine ethanol fuel for your car!             

Make your own fuel

    • The Free Power Secrets program is a complete step-by-step guide showing you everything you need to know in order to start powering your car, tractor, truck, or anything else that has a motor on homemade alcohol fuel by the end of the week.
    • Your new distillery will only require few parts – which can be found in your local hardware store, or in a junkyard – to build. In fact, many of these components are probably sitting around your backyard, garage, or storage shed right now. Even if you were to use only brand-new, store-bought materials to create the distillery, you’d still spend less than $170 to do it.
    • You’ll also receive the complete materials list, the building plans, and the illustrated blueprints.

    E-Fuel unveils the World first home ethanol system
    •    With its breakthrough membrane technology, E-Fuel has made an industrial process possible on a much smaller scale, and without dangerous combustion processes. Additionally, the MicroFueler has achieved an 80% power improvement over commercial ethanol.
    Home Ethanol System
    The MicroFueler by E-Fuel
    The MicroFueler is $9,995, but federal tax credits can cut the price to $6,998. $16 buys yeast for 560 gallons of ethanol, each gallon requires 4 gallons of water.

    The MicroFueler is a leading edge product that allows consumers to create ethanol, simply and safely, with the readily available ingredients of sugar, yeast and water, and a standard household 110-220 AC power supply.
    Cars running on sugar-based ethanol produce 85% fewer carbon emissions than gasoline!